Enfield Parish church of St Andrew, Market Place (1550 - 1875)
Enfield, Dom. Enefelde (probably from the Anglo Saxon én and feld, a forest clearing) is about 9 miles from London by road. The Great Eastern Railway has a branch line to Enfield, and the Great North Railway has also a short line. Enfield parish is very large, containing 12,653 acres, and being eight and a half miles long from east to west and three to six miles from north to south. The river Lea is its eastern boundary, East Barnet and Hadley its western, Edmonton the southern and Cheshunt, South Mimms, and Northaw the northern. Enfield parish is divided into four quarters: Town quarter, comprising the central portion of the parish and the eastern side of Chase Side; Chase quarter, the whole of the Enfield Chase, Windmill Hill, and the western side of Chase Side; Bull's Cross quarter, Enfield Wash, Forty Hill and the north-eastern section of the parish; and Green Street quarter, Green Street, Ponders, and Enfield Highway. Enfield gave the title of Baron to the Earls of Rochford. Enfield has eight manors, two of which, Enfield and Worcester, were formally royal manors, each having its palace and park, and with these the historical interest in Enfield is chiefly associated. In the time of the Confessor the manor of Enfield was owned by Osgar, master of the horse to King Edward. At the Doomsday Survey it belonged to Geoffrey de Mandeville, a powerful Norman baron who accompanied William to the Conquest. The account of Enfield in the Doomsday Book supports the derivation of the name, and gives an unusually bright picture of an English village in the early years of the Conquest. Evidently it was a large village within a cleared portion of the forest.. Edward I, in 1303, granted by charter a license to Humphrey de Bohun and his heirs to hold a market at Enfield weekly on Mondays. James I renewed the grant, altering the day to Saturday.
The church, St Andrew, stands as has been said on the northern side of the market place, and within a spacious but over-crowded church yard. It is of flint and stone, but covered externally with cement, perpendicular in style, and consists of nave, with clerestorey, chancel, and aisles, west tower, with a peal of eight bells, and southern porch. The long side of the church lying parallel to the market place, plaster-covered, and having continuous lines of ugly (and comparatively modern) battlements alike on tower, nave, aisles and chancel, can hardly be called picturesque, and certainly not impressive.
|Other churches:||Jesus Church, Forty Hill
St George's Mission Church
|St James, Enfield Highway
St Matthew, Ponders End
Jesus Church, Forty Hill
Christ Church, Chase Side, Enfield (Congregationalist, now United Reformed Church)
St Mary Magdalen